Additional Resources

Tetanus and Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Risk According to Circumcision Method and Risk Mitigation

World Health Organization, 2016.

In July 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a report that covered the risk of tetanus associated with various methods of male circumcision, as well as mitigation methods for each method. This report is an update from August 2016 that includes additional updates from the initial July release.

Medical Male Circumcision as HIV Prevention: Follow the Evidence: The Case for Aggressive Scale Up

Center for Global Health Policy. (2010).

This report first reviews the epidemiologic evidence of the effectiveness in male circumcision (MC) in reducing heterosexual HIV transmission. In the second section, the authors present a strategy for scaling up MC services in priority areas, identifying criteria for using MC as a way to reduce HIV rates, and defining what clinical services are needed, and how MC can have a synergistic effect on HIV when it is part of a package of HIV prevention interventions. Lastly, the document provides data on how this one-time, low-cost, cost-effective intervention has the potential to avert a significant number of HIV infections. The authors argue that the evidence presents a compelling argument for rapid scale-up of MC programs in HIV endemic areas.

Manual for Early Infant Male Circumcision under Local Anaesthesia

World Health Organization (WHO) and Jhpiego, 2011.

This manual builds on the World Health Organization’s Manual for Male Circumcision under Local Anaesthesia and focuses entirely on early infant male circumcision. It was developed by WHO in collaboration with Jhpiego to help providers and program managers deliver high-quality, safe infant male circumcision services for the purposes of HIV prevention and other health benefits. It draws from experiences with service provision in Africa, the Eastern Mediterranean, and developed countries and was reviewed by actual and potential providers of male circumcision services representing a range of health care and cultural settings where demand for male circumcision services is high.

In It to Save Lives: Scaling Up Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention for Maximum Public Health Impact

AIDS Support & Technical Assistance Resources (AIDSTAR-One), U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (2011).

In this 15-minute film, award-winning filmmaker Lisa Russell tells the story of how governments in Kenya and Swaziland have embraced voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention to turn the tide of the epidemic in their countries. Produced by the AIDS Support and Technical Resources, Task Order One (AIDSTAR-One) Project, the film features interviews with a variety of experts, policymakers, and implementers, and shows that VMMC programs can be replicated and expanded to reach the critical mass needed for maximum public health impact.

It’s About the People: Tanzania’s VMMC Program Gets it Right

Strengthening High Impact Interventions for an AIDS-free Generation (AIDSFree) and Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (2015).

It's About the People: Tanzania's VMMC Program Gets it Right, is an 11-minute documentary film about scaling up the voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) program in Tanzania. It includes interviews with a client and his family members about their experiences with the decision-making process and the procedure for the adult man and his young son. It documents program and practical considerations and commitments in implementing a comprehensive VMMC program at both the community and national levels, and shows the commitment at the national level along with some of the challenges and successes with implementing the VMMC program in a remote island community. The film, narrated by Common, is available in both English and Kiswahili.

Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention

World Health Organization, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition, and Family Health International (n.d.).

This website is a comprehensive resource for people seeking information on male circumcision (MC) for HIV prevention. It was developed to provide evidence-informed information and guidance for countries that are scaling up MC as part of initiatives to provide comprehensive HIV prevention. Information is categorized by research findings, advocacy, policies and programs, and training. Readers can also browse through publications, browse site content by topic, or search through a resource database. Materials can be immediately downloaded, including training manuals, planning tools, and situation analysis toolkits.

PEPFAR's Best Practices for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Site Operations: A Service Guide for Site Operations

U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR, 2013).

This comprehensive guide is designed to provide facilities and other sites that work with PEPFAR clear and comprehensive information on the process of establishing and running a voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) service aimed at HIV prevention. The guide includes a wide range of practical materials that are based on guidelines from key international agencies such as the World Health Organization, the Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS, and the PEPFAR VMMC Technical Working Group, as well as on-the-ground experience implementing VMMC programs in eastern and southern Africa. It provides tools to guide specific activities such as site selection, readiness and assessment, forecasting and costing, communications, record keeping and reporting, training, and consent.

International Harm Reduction Association

International Harm Reduction Association (IHRA). (2016).

The website of this important global advocacy organization houses the Global State of Harm Reduction 2014 report.

The latest edition of the Global State of Harm Reduction includes the latest estimates around the response to drug-related HIV, viral hepatitis and tuberculosis.

It also integrates updated information on harm reduction services into each regional chapter, including on needle and syringe programs and opioid substitution therapy; harm reduction services in the prison setting; access to antiretroviral therapy for people who inject drugs; regional overdose responses; policy development; civil society developments; and information relating to funding for harm reduction.

Injecting Drug Use and Prisons Publications

World Health Organization (WHO) (2016).

This section of the WHO website houses a wealth of publications pertaining to injecting drug use and prisons. The site is divided into several sections The first comprises documents on injection drug use in general; the second covers technical publications on the topic; the third provides publications on policy and advocacy. The site also contains a section on training materials, and related topics and links.

The Asian Harm Reduction Network

AHRN is regional information and support network created to link and support the courageous people operating programmes providing assistance to injecting drug users in Asia to prevent HIV transmission.

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