In the broadest terms, “gender-based violence” is violence that is directed at an individual based on his or her biological sex, gender identity, or his or her perceived adherence to socially defined norms of masculinity and femininity. Under the technical guidance of the PEPFAR Gender Technical Working Group, AIDSTAR-One, a global project funded by PEPFAR through USAID that provided support and technical assistance to USG teams across the world, developed a number of technical resources exploring the connections among gender inequality, GBV, and HIV. These resources focus on identifying and sharing promising programmatic approaches and disseminating key elements of success for replication and scale-up.
In 2010, AIDSTAR-One conducted case studies in three countries where GBV services were available. These case studies were developed to help program managers design, plan, and implement strategies to integrate GBV within existing HIV, family planning, or reproductive health services and programs. Analysis of the studies—conducted in Vietnam, Ecuador, and Swaziland—yielded five major findings and eight overarching recommendations. This collection presents the case studies and the accompanying report.