Gender Strategies in Concentrated Epidemics Case Study Series

In 2009, AIDSTAR-One developed a technical brief to explore the research and program literature on the extent to which HIV programs are addressing the unique gender-related needs of key populations in concentrated epidemics. While there is emerging literature on the gender-related needs of key populations, how programs are addressing these needs or integrating gender strategies into their activities is not well documented or disseminated. AIDSTAR-One developed nine case studies that expand on the technical brief, providing an in-depth look at HIV programs working with and for key populations in South and Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East. Finally, the project compiled a report identifying findings and recommendations across all nine case studies.

Gender Technical Brief Cover

Integrating Gender into Programs for Most-at-Risk-Populations

The purpose of this technical brief is to provide program managers and planners with an overview of the recent research literature on gender-related constraints effecting key populations, future program approaches, and gender-related challenges that should be considered in programs to reduce HIV risk among key populations.

Stigma Foundation Case Study Cover

STIGMA Foundation in Indonesia Case Study

This case study (one of nine in a series) documents Indonesia’s STIGMA Foundation, which uses a peer outreach model to help men and women who inject drugs live safer, healthier, more productive lives through community organizing, advocacy, and networking.

Lebanon Case Study Cover

Outreach to Most-at-Risk Populations through SIDC in Lebanon

This case study (one of nine in a series) documents how outreach workers in Lebanon raise awareness about how gender norms can increase HIV risk; deliver basic information on HIV, hepatitis, and other STIs; offer counseling to support positive behavior change, and distribute free condoms, syringes, and lubricants.

Cover of MARPS Cambodia Case Study

PRASIT: Using Strategic Behavioral Communication to Change Gender Norms in Cambodia

This case study (one of nine in the gender concentrated epidemics series) documents how the PRASIT program in Cambodia targets entertainment workers, their mainly middle class and male clients, and males who have sex with males using strategic behavior communication. Although the programs vary in their approaches, strategies employed by PRASIT have focused on community outreach, mass media campaigns, and peer education.

SANGRAM India Case Study

SANGRAM’s Collectives in India

This case study (one of nine in the gender strategies in concentrated epidemics series) reviews how SANGRAM, a women-led network of collective empowerment groups in India, is developing and administering projects that promote and protect the rights—and health— of key populations.

Peru Case Study Cover

Sex Work and Life with Dignity: Sex Work, HIV, and Human Rights Program in Peru

This case study (one of nine in the gender strategies in concentrated epidemics series) describes how three organizations focused on sex workers and transgender and transsexual people have joined together to advance the rights of sex workers.

STEP Vietnam Case Study Cover

Breaking New Ground in Vietnam

This case study (one of nine in a series) examines CARE International's STEP program, which seeks to ensure that both men and women have equal access to services to prevent STIs, safeguard their health, avoid gender-based violence, and participate in income-generating activities.

El Salvador Case Study Cover

Giving Voice to Transgender Communities through ASPIDH in El Salvador

This case study, one of nine in the gender strategies in concentrated epidemics series, describes the challenges and successes of the Solidarity Association to Promote Human Development (ASPIDH), an NGO that promotes transgender rights via sensitization, education, and advocacy activities.

Russia Case Study Cover

"Follow the Voice of Life": HIV Prevention and Empowerment of MSM in Orenburg, Russia

This case study (one of nine in the gender strategies in concentrated epidemics series) describes how an NGO in Russia created an MSM-supportive environment and provided free access to HIV services through its "Follow the Voice of Life" program.