Technical Brief

Integrating Gender in VMMC Programs to Improve Outcomes

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This short report examines gender issues in VMMC, including harmful gender-related myths and traditions, female partners’ roles in VMMC decision, post-operative care, adherence, and risk-reduction behaviors, and the negative consequences of excluding women.

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  • ASSIST

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2014

Changes Tested to Improve Quality of Safe Male Circumcision Services in Uganda

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This document synthesizes the changes designed to help struggling health workers to improve circumcision that were tested at 30 health units in Uganda.

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  • ASSIST

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2013

Engaging Private Health Providers to Extend the Global Availability of PMTCT Services

Engaging Private Health Providers to Extend the Global Availability of PMTCT Services

This technical brief presents options for engaging private sector actors in rapidly extending the availability of PMTCT services. The discussion includes successes, lessons, and challenges that can inform the efforts of governments, donors, and implementers to adapt or replicate private sector models in new settings.

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  • AIDSFree

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2016

Strengthening Community Platforms to Address Gender Norms

Strengthening Community Platforms to Address Gender Norms

In 2014, there were 25.8 million people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, more than half of them women. Several studies have reported that girls’ and women’s risk of HIV infection is associated with gender inequality and violence. Harmful gender norms can lead to risky behaviors, violence, substance abuse, pursuit of multiple sexual partners, and domination of women. These norms affect not only men and women but also families and communities.

This technical brief describes the elements of programmatic approaches to strengthen community platforms to address gender equality and harmful gender norms. It draws examples from successful community platforms for addressing GBV and more specifically, from the SASA! program in Uganda designed by Raising Voices.

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  • AIDSFree

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2016

Rights in Action: Transgender Health and HIV

Cover image of the Linkages Transgender Brief

This brief seeks to strengthen the ability of programmers and policymakers to understand and respond to HIV risks faced by transgender people around the world in order to reduce the burden of HIV in and protect the rights of trans communities. It is based on the AIDSTAR 2 Technical Report: The Global Health Needs of Transgender Populations.

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  • Linkages

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2015

Mental Health and HIV

Mental Health and HIV

Highlights the key mental health issues in the continuum of HIV care and reviews promising programmatic practices for addressing these issues in resource-constrained settings. This tool provides links to important resources and tools for program planners and health care providers concerned about mental health issues in HIV care and support.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2009

Foundation for the Future: Meeting the Psychosocial Needs of Children Living with HIV in Africa

Cover of Foundation for the Future

In 2009, 2.5 million children under 15 years were living with HIV around the world, with the vast majority— 2.3 million—in sub-Saharan Africa (U.N. Children’s Fund [UNICEF], Joint U.N. Programme on HIV/ AIDS [UNAIDS], and the World Health Organization [WHO] 2010). In that same year alone, an estimated 370,000 children were born with HIV (UNICEF, UNAIDS, and WHO 2010). For most of the history of the epidemic, the majority of children born with HIV in resource poor settings did not survive past infancy, let alone early childhood (Brahmbhatt et al. 2006; Sutcliffe et al. 2008). Now, however, recent studies indicate that 36 percent of infants living with HIV have a median life expectancy of 16 years (Ferrand et al. 2009). Furthermore, advances in HIV testing for exposed infants and children and in providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) are increasingly enabling children living with HIV to live longer and healthier lives (Mellins et al. 2004; Sopeña 2010). For these children, HIV is a chronic disease requiring a lifetime of continuous treatment, care, and support to ensure their physical and mental development, as well as their emotional and psychological well-being (see Box 1; Family Health International [FHI] 2007).

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2011

Transitioning of Care and Other Services for Adolescents Living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

Cover of Transitioning of Care and Other Services for Adolescents Living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest HIV burden in the world, with 67 percent of the estimated 34 million people living with HIV. Globally, children under 15 years are particularly hard hit: 3.4 million are living with HIV, 90 percent of whom live in sub-Saharan Africa (WHO 2011a).

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

Permaculture Design for Orphans and Vulnerable Children Programming

Cover of Permaculture Design for Orphans and Vulnerable Children Programming

Among children under five years of age in the developing world, nearly one-quarter are underweight (127 million) and one-third are stunted (195 million). Over 90 percent of those who are stunted live in Africa and Asia (U.N. Children’s Fund [UNICEF] 2009, 2011a). These forms of undernutrition can have long-lasting and damaging effects on children, especially when it occurs during critical developmental years.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

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