Attaining UNAIDS' 90–90–90 targets largely depends on the first 90 – correctly diagnosing 90 percent of all people living with HIV. Many people with HIV have already been diagnosed; an estimated 13 million people are on antiretroviral therapy worldwide. Although most technologies for HIV testing have high sensitivity and specificity and are highly accurate when used in a validated national algorithm, the volume of tests conducted (over 150 million tests were conducted in 2014 alone), could result in thousands of misdiagnosed cases, particularly if tests are not conducted correctly. Misdiagnosis of HIV has significant implications for individuals and for public health.
On October 13, 2016 from 9:00 a.m. – 10:30 a.m. EDT, AIDSFree hosted a webinar with Anita Sands of the World Health Organization, Khumbo Ng`ona of the Ministry of Health in Malawi, Leslie Shanks of the Inner City Health Associates, and Russell Dacombe of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. The speakers highlighted the evidence collected on HIV misdiagnosis and discussed the ethical, legal, human rights, and public health implications.