In Focus this month:
- Outreach on Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Should Target Adolescents (JAIDS)
While most acceptors of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) are adolescents, outreach programs focus on older men. The authors argued that since HIV prevalence peaks among men aged 20–29, outreach targeting young, sexually inexperienced adolescents is essential to the HIV response.
- Pre-exposure Prophylaxis: Trials Show Promise, but Many Questions Remain (The Lancet Infectious Diseases)
The authors examined the results of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Intervention (iPrEx) Open-Label Extension, the first open-label study of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and found that despite positive findings in trials, questions on PrEP as a public health intervention remain. They argued that more research is necessary to fully understand the potential of PrEP in wider implementation.
- Community Mobilization for HIV Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (AIDS and Behavior)
The authors of this literature review found that community mobilization (CM) had limited impacts on programs targeting the general population and youth, but some positive impact in programs targeting key populations. They added that lack of consensus on the parameters and definitions of CM programs hinders rigorous evaluation of their effects, and expressed the hope that ongoing studies that include CM will provide greater insight into the outcomes of this approach.