In Focus this month:
- PEPFAR 2015 Annual Report to Congress (The Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator and Health Diplomacy)
The Eleventh Annual Report to Congress by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief’s (PEPFAR) highlights its achievements in 2014 through global deployment of a range of proven interventions. The report also emphasizes PEPFAR’s focus on data-driven approaches that target populations with the greatest risk for HIV in geographic areas with the highest HIV burden.
- Successful Integration of Intimate Partner Violence and HIV Prevention Intervention Programming (The Lancet)
Women who received standard HIV services plus community- and facility-based interventions to detect, prevent, and address intimate partner violence (IPV) reported fewer instances of physical and sexual IPV compared to women in a control group who received HIV services only.
- Factors Contributing to the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Failure in Western Kenya (AIDS Patient Care and STDs)
This study found that women who first learned their HIV status during pregnancy had a greater likelihood of bearing HIV-positive infants. Among these women, stigma and fear of status disclosure impeded adherence to treatment; thus, they required more guidance and psychosocial support from providers to help them understand the need to adhere to therapy.