Barriers to Preventing Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Women: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Abdool-Karim, Q. Journal of the American Medical Women’s Association (2001), 56(4), pp. 193–196.
The authors of this study surveyed women in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, from 1991 to 1993, and found that nearly 9 out of 10 women were sexually active. Virtually all of the women understood the role of condoms in HIV prevention, but only a little over 1 in 10 had ever used a condom. Many women said they did not insist on using a condom because their partners would get angry if they did. Unlike other researchers, these authors found that high levels of knowledge about HIV transmission did not influence safer-sex behavior changes for several reasons, including threats of violence against women, alcohol abuse, financial dependence on men, and women’s status as child bearers.