The Role of Partner Reduction and Faithfulness in HIV Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Cameroon, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe
Mishra, V., Hong, R., Bignami-Van Assche, S., & Barrere, B. USAID, Demographic and Health Surveys Working Papers (2009), No. 61.
This study used national-level data to explore the association between risk of HIV infection, multiple sexual partnerships, and partner faithfulness among men, women, and cohabiting couples in the HIV epidemics in Cameroon, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. M ultiple sexual partnerships varied among countries, but tended to be common in these countries. In general, men reported having more partners than did women, and were less faithful (lifetime faithfulness and recent faithfulness) than were women. As one would expect, the higher the number of lifetime sexual partners, the greater the likelihood of HIV infection. Similarly, those who reported being faithful to their partners were less likely to be infected with HIV than those who were unfaithful.