World Health Organization. (2006), Fact Sheet No. WHO/231.
This fact sheet describes the extent of injection misuse and overuse in health care settings, fueled by misguided demand from patients and irrational use by doctors. It explains how reuse of unsterilized needles and syringes, as well as inadequate disposal and black market resale of injecting equipment, all put lives at risk. There is also a summary of the burden of injection-related disease, notably HIV and hepatitis B and C. It highlights changing the behavior of patients and health care workers, ensuring adequate supplies of safe injection equipment, and proper waste management as key components of HIV prevention programs targeting injection safety.