Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS, 2016).
This report summarizes the experiences of six countries that have supported community-based HIV programs through a variety of government mechanisms: Argentina, Brazil, India, Malawi, Malaysia, and the Republic of Moldova. The report emphasizes that countries finance the community components in their HIV response in many ways, including decentralizing services, forming stronger partnerships with community-based organizations, and focusing investments to reach the most vulnerable people. Examples from Argentina, Brazil, India, and Malaysia demonstrate how national resources available for the HIV response can be allocated to civil society. By contrast, Malawi and the Republic of Moldova demonstrate how donor resources, such as funds from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, can be allocated to the government and directed to civil society organizations. Because of these funding approaches, governments in these countries expanded the reach of services by transferring some tasks to community health workers and volunteers; and community organizations were able to maintain a continuum of care and facilitate access to services for hard-to-reach groups. The innovative approaches showcased in this report illustrate ways of addressing challenges common to many countries.