National Institutes of Health. (December 2013).
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is committed to the goal of achieving a world without AIDS. On the 25th annual World AIDS Day, President Obama announced that over the next three fiscal years the NIH plans to invest an additional U.S.$100 million (U.S. dollars) in research to find a cure for HIV, a promising area of HIV research. According to Anthony S. Fauci, director of the NIH’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, in terms of the public health and scientific rationale for this research, “…the development of a cure is critically important, as it may not be feasible for tens of millions of people living with HIV infection to access and adhere to a lifetime of antiretroviral treatment.” Fauci also noted the opportune timing for expanded research, given increasing understanding of HIV reservoirs (“cellular hiding places”) and development of strategies to minimize the reservoirs. A substantial portion of investment will support basic HIV research, e.g., viral reservoirs and viral latency that will benefit HIV as well as other diseases. Other high-priority research will also continue, e.g., biomedical and behavioral prevention research (vaccines and microbicides), and examination of how genetic determinants and other factors, such as stigma, interact to affect treatment outcomes. This new research plan will require global collaboration, including public-private partnerships and innovative leadership, to share expertise and advance the search for a cure for HIV and AIDS.