State of Condom Use in HIV Prevention Science and Practice

February 2013 - Behavioral Prevention

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Crosby, R. Current HIV/AIDS Reports (March 2013), Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 59-64.

The authors explored four areas of research on advances in condom use for HIV prevention. These included improved assessment of condom use (e.g., technology for data collection and use of event-specific and partner-specific assessments), condom efficacy research (e.g., establishment of essential research designs to evaluate effectiveness), innovative condom design to reduce errors in condom use-often related to the size and fit of condoms-and to improve correct and consistent use, and evidence-based interventions that use condoms as a key prevention activity. Moving forward, the authors conclude that condom innovation is critical, but also acknowledge that other biomedical interventions may lead to reduced condom use. Research should emphasize condom use among most-at-risk groups, particularly among men who have sex with men. According to the authors, condom promotion efforts should be scaled up as part of combination prevention, and condom use should be re-marketed as a practice that makes sex healthy and pleasurable.

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