Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) (May 2016).
This report states that since 2010, the extraordinary scale-up of antiretroviral treatment (ART) by many of the world’s most affected countries has reduced AIDS-related deaths from 1.5 million in 2010 to 1.1 million in 2015. Global ART coverage reached 46 percent at the end of 2015. Gains were greatest in eastern and southern Africa, where coverage increased from 24 percent in 2010 to 54 percent in 2015, reaching a total of 10.3 million people. However, declines in new HIV infections among adults have slowed alarmingly in recent years; the estimated annual number of new infections remains nearly static at about 9 million. Again, the largest reduction in new adult infections occurred in eastern and southern Africa. The Asia and Pacific regions and western and central Africa achieved more gradual declines. New adult infection rates were relatively stable in Latin America and the Caribbean, western and central Europe, North America, the Middle East, and North Africa. However, the annual number of new HIV infections in Eastern Europe and Central Asia increased by 57 percent. UNAIDS urges countries to continue to scale up HIV prevention programs while maintaining the rollout of treatment, and to work closely with civil society, communities, and people living with HIV, to ensure that they know where their epidemics are concentrated and that they have the right services in the right places.