Center, K.E., Gunn, J.K., Asaolu, I.O., et al. PLOS ONE (April 2016), 11(4): e0154213, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154213. Relationship Power and Sexual Violence Among HIV-Positive Women in Rural Uganda Conroy, A.A., Tsai, A.C., Clark, G.M., et al. AIDS and Behavior (April 2016), e-publication ahead of print.
The authors used data from 35,748 women described in Demographic and Health Surveys from the Republic of Congo (20112012), Mozambique (2011), Nigeria (2013), and Uganda (2011) to examine how modern and traditional forms of contraception were associated with uptake of HIV testing. The authors reported that women in Mozambique demonstrated increased odds of being tested for HIV if they were using modern forms of contraception compared to those who used no contraception. This association was not found in Congo, Nigeria, or Uganda. Women in Congo (but not other countries) demonstrated decreased odds of being tested for HIV if they used traditional forms of contraception, such as periodic abstinence and withdrawal, compared to those who used no contraception. The authors concluded that because some forms of modern contraception (such as hormonal methods) require a clinical visit appointment, family planning appointments could provide women with additional opportunities to access HIV testing, education, and treatment.