PEPFAR. (March 2013).
Under the interagency Gender Technical Working Group, PEPFAR’s Gender Strategy urges all HIV programs to incorporate gender norms and inequalities within their activities. Specific actions include: increasing gender equity in HIV and reproductive health services; preventing and addressing gender-based violence (GBV); addressing social norms and behaviors among men and boys; and increasing protection of women and girls and their access to productive resources, including education. Over the past three years, PEPFAR has invested over U.S. $215 million in GBV programs. Following findings of high rates of GBV from violence against children surveys in four sub-Saharan African countries, the U.S. Government developed the U.S. Strategy to Prevent and Respond to Gender-based Violence in August 2012. PEPFAR integrates GBV prevention into existing HIV programs. In January 2013, President Obama signed a presidential memorandum committing to improving women's and girls’ rights as a key to U.S. diplomacy. PEPFAR also has centrally-funded gender initiatives to build evidence for expanding programs, including the PEPFAR Gender Challenge Fund, the GBV Response Initiative, and the Secretary of State’s Office of Global Women’s Issues–PEPFAR GBV Small Grants program, and supports various partnerships to improve the health and wellbeing of women and girls. Through these commitments, PEPFAR has significantly improved the lives of women and girls, and has supported the cause of gender equity globally.