Kerrigan, D., Kennedy, C.E., Cheng, A.S., et al. Journal of the International AIDS Society (August 2015), 18(1): 20029, doi: 10.7448/IAS.18.1.20029, eCollection 2015.
The authors of this paper highlighted four case studies from the Research to Prevention project to demonstrate how context-specific operations research (OR) can help prioritize strategies and improve local HIV prevention programs and policies. The case studies, drawn from OR conducted in the Caribbean and sub-Saharan African regions, illustrated several ways in which OR can support positive change. These included (1) translating findings from clinical trials to real world settings; (2) adapting promising structural interventions to a new context; (3) tailoring effective interventions to underserved populations; and (4) prioritizing key populations within a national response to HIV. These examples, the authors said, show how OR can lead to "real-world" change, and expand expectations about the role and utility of OR. They concluded that OR studies and their findings should be brought into national dialogues and policy debates to strengthen HIV responses at national and global levels.