Applying Qualitative Data Derived from a Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR) Approach to Develop a Community-based HIV Prevention Program for Adolescents in Thailand

October 2015 - Structural Prevention

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Watthayu, N., Wenzel, J., and Panchareounworakul, K. The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (September–October 2015), 26(5):6 02–612, doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2015.05.002.

The authors used the Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR) method to obtain input relevant to the design of a community-based and culture- and age-appropriate HIV prevention program for adolescents in Bangkok. They conducted focus group discussions with community members including 19 adolescents aged 12–22 years and 9 adults aged 23 years and older. Participants were asked questions regarding perceived HIV risk for adolescents; specific language/slang about HIV used by adolescents; awareness of available adolescent HIV programs; and views about such programs or services. Adolescents expressed a need for information on how individuals were infected; how to protect themselves; and how to live with affected individuals. Most participants expressed discomfort with the use of slang and preferred that more formal language be used in education programs. All adolescents recommended that group sessions consist of practical demonstrations of condom use and other practical life skills. They also suggested that programs be led by providers such as physicians or nurses, whom adolescents would see as experts. The authors concluded that the RAR method is a viable method for engaging communities to ensure that programs meet the needs of their intended beneficiaries.

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