Xpert HIV-1 Point-of-Care Test for Neonatal Diagnosis of HIV in the Birth Testing Programme of a Maternity Hospital: A Field Evaluation Study

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Technau, K.G., et al. The Lancet HIV (July 2017), doi: 10.1016/52352-3018(17)030097-8.

This study described point-of-care testing (POCT) for HIV-exposed newborns and compares outcomes to universal laboratory-based testing (LABT) in South Africa. Mothers whose infants received POCT received their results in 96 percent of cases, while only 53 percent of mothers whose infants received LABT received their results. Infants diagnosed via POCT initiated treatment earlier than infants diagnosed via LABT (one day versus six days). The study concluded that POCT is accurate, increases the likelihood of the mother receiving the result, reduces waiting time, and decreases time to ART initiation.

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