New in Early Infant Diagnosis

Early infant diagnosis establishes the presence of HIV infection in HIV-exposed infants and children younger than 18 months of age. An essential first step in caring for HIV-infected children is accurate and early diagnosis of HIV—early HIV testing, prompt return of results, and rapid initiation of treatment. Globally between 2002-2016 there was a 66% decline in new pediatric HIV infections; however, only ~50% of HIV-exposed infants received a test by two months of age in 2016 in 21 priority countries (UNAIDS, 2017). This collection of resources and tools helps you find what you need to scale up early infant diagnosis.

Global Guidance and Country Experiences

New! CROI 2018 Poster—Age at HIV Diagnosis Within South Africa’s Early Infant Diagnosis Program, 2010-2015

Mazanderani A.H., et al., 2018 (CROI Abstract Number 826).

This CROI 2018 poster describes age at HIV diagnosis, prior to the introduction of birth testing, in South Africa’s early infant diagnosis program.

Laboratory Management

New! Field Evaluation of HIV Point-of-Care Testing for Early Infant Diagnosis in Cape Town, South Africa

Dunning L, et al. 2017. PLoS ONE 12(12): e0189226. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189226.

This implementation study analyzed the performance of point-of-care (POC) versus laboratory early infant diagnosis testing assessing acceptability and implementation issues.