Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM)

Strengthening Community Platforms to Address Gender Norms

Strengthening Community Platforms to Address Gender Norms

In 2014, there were 25.8 million people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, more than half of them women. Several studies have reported that girls’ and women’s risk of HIV infection is associated with gender inequality and violence. Harmful gender norms can lead to risky behaviors, violence, substance abuse, pursuit of multiple sexual partners, and domination of women. These norms affect not only men and women but also families and communities.

This technical brief describes the elements of programmatic approaches to strengthen community platforms to address gender equality and harmful gender norms. It draws examples from successful community platforms for addressing GBV and more specifically, from the SASA! program in Uganda designed by Raising Voices.

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  • AIDSFree

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2016

"Follow the Voice of Life": HIV Prevention and Empowerment of MSM in Orenburg, Russia

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This case study (one of nine in the gender strategies in concentrated epidemics series) describes how an NGO in Russia created an MSM-supportive environment and provided free access to HIV services through its "Follow the Voice of Life" program.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2011

Empowering Men Who Have Sex with Men to Live Healthy Lives in Colombia

Sex Work and Life with Dignity: Sex Work, HIV, and Human Rights Program in Peru

Peru Case Study Cover

This case study (one of nine in the gender strategies in concentrated epidemics series) describes how three organizations focused on sex workers and transgender and transsexual people have joined together to advance the rights of sex workers.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2011

PRASIT: Using Strategic Behavioral Communication to Change Gender Norms in Cambodia

Cover of MARPS Cambodia Case Study

This case study (one of nine in the gender concentrated epidemics series) documents how the PRASIT program in Cambodia targets entertainment workers, their mainly middle class and male clients, and males who have sex with males using strategic behavior communication. Although the programs vary in their approaches, strategies employed by PRASIT have focused on community outreach, mass media campaigns, and peer education.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2011

Outreach to Most-at-Risk Populations through SIDC in Lebanon

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This case study (one of nine in a series) documents how outreach workers in Lebanon raise awareness about how gender norms can increase HIV risk; deliver basic information on HIV, hepatitis, and other STIs; offer counseling to support positive behavior change, and distribute free condoms, syringes, and lubricants.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2011

AIDSTAR-One/USAID Skills Building Workshop in West Africa

Cover of Skills-Building Workshop: Key Findings for Guiding Programming For MARPs In Mixed Epidemic Settings

AIDSTAR-One, in collaboration with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) West Africa Regional Health Office in Accra, Ghana, and supported by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, facilitated a workshop held May 2–3, 2012, in support of regional HIV prevention activities. The workshop contributed to the regional Health Office’s three-fold strategy: 1) to expand evidence-based prevention activities to underserved most at-risk populations (MARPs), 2) to implement interventions that are replicable, scalable, and results oriented, and 3) to increase regional and global knowledge of prevention programming for mixed epidemics. 

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

PEPFAR Caribbean Regional HIV Prevention Summit on Most-at-Risk Populations and Other Vulnerable Populations

Cover of PEPFAR Caribbean Regional HIV Prevention Summit on Most-at-Risk Populations and Other Vulnerable Populations

The Caribbean region has the world’s second highest HIV prevalence. While the overall estimated adult prevalence is modest—1.1 percent—this regional average encompasses considerable variations in national infection rates, ranging from nearly 0 to 3 percent (2.5 percent in Belize and 3 percent in the Bahamas) with much higher prevalence among most-at-risk populations (MARPs): men who have sex with men (MSM), sex workers (SWs), and drug users. AIDS continues to be the leading cause of death among Caribbean men and women aged 25 to 44 years.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2011

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