In Nigeria, only 28 percent of women and 39 percent of men know that the risk of an HIV-positive pregnant woman transmitting the HIV virus to her unborn child can be reduced by taking certain drugs during pregnancy (National Population Commission and ICF Macro 2009). About 58 percent of pregnant women receive antenatal care (ANC; United Nations Children’s Fund 2010) and the usage of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services has only reached 12 percent. In addition, unsafe male circumcision practices taking place outside of health facilities are a major concern.
This study is undertaken to explore community perceptions of PMTCT and safe male circumcision (SMC) services and to identify barriers to uptake of services. In addition, the study explores attitudes and barriers regarding male partner involvement, which evidence suggests increases women’s participation in and adherence to PMTCT services, and improves infant health outcomes. The study will inform the development of behavior change communication messages to promote PMTCT and SMC at selected focal local government areas in a few states that can later be replicated across Nigeria. It will also identify key messages, the best communication channels for reaching target audiences, and delivering these messages.