Left Behind - Black America: A Neglected Priority in the Global AIDS Epidemic
Black AIDS Institute (2008)
For more information about the role of concurrency in the U.S. HIV epidemic and its impact on black populations, this 56-page report offers a review of the socioeconomic and epidemiologic aspects of HIV among black individuals in the U.S.
C-Change Picks 5: Focus on Multiple Concurrent Partnerships
C-Change program is a project of the Communication Initiative and USAID. The fifth issue of C-Change Picks, an electronic journal, focuses on MCP and provides links to a variety of articles on MCP in Southern Africa.
This web-based resource provides numerous publications related to HIV prevention and intervention. Some of the documents are locale-specific for various countries or states in the US. Others documents address topics from the care and treatment of pediatric HIV and AIDS to workplace prevention programs and peer education. Other topics include planning services, determining site readiness to initiate antiretroviral treatment, and business coalitions to prevent HIV.
A Review of the Effectiveness and Appropriateness of Peer-Delivered Health Promotion Interventions for Young People
Harden, A., Weston, R., & Oakley, A., Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, (1999).
The authors of this report conducted a systematic review of the published literature regarding youth POE. They examine the claim that POE is superior to more traditional forms of education and prevention. Full reports for 462 studies of POE programs were available for review. The authors provide citations and discuss research methodologies, study outcomes, and recommendations for future program evaluations.
After classifying each study for research design and scientific soundness, they found that only 12 of the 49 outcome evaluation studies were methodologically sound and only 5 of 12 studies directly compared peers and teachers. Of the five studies, “two found peers to be more effective than teachers, two found them to be no more or less effective, and one concluded that neither peers nor teachers were effective.” (179 pages)
Effectiveness of Interventions to Address HIV in Prison
World Health Organization (2007)
This comprehensive report on HIV prevention efforts and challenges among male and female prisoners around the globe is heavily referenced and provides detailed information about the extent of HIV risk factors in prisons, such as rape or coerced sex, injection drug use, and consensual sex. Study summaries are provided and intervention programs including POE are overviewed. The report concludes with a list of recommendations for effective HIV prevention programs in prisons.
Medical Male Circumcision as HIV Prevention: Follow the Evidence: The Case for Aggressive Scale Up
Center for Global Health Policy. (2010).
This report first reviews the epidemiologic evidence of the effectiveness in male circumcision (MC) in reducing heterosexual HIV transmission. In the second section, the authors present a strategy for scaling up MC services in priority areas, identifying criteria for using MC as a way to reduce HIV rates, what clinical services are needed, and how MC can have a synergistic effect on HIV when it is part of a package of HIV prevention interventions. Lastly, the document provides data on how this one-time, low-cost, cost-effective intervention has the potential to avert a significant number of HIV infections. The authors argue that the evidence presents a compelling argument for rapid scale-up of MC programs in HIV endemic areas.