Infection Prevention & Control

Alcoholic Beverage Companies and the HIV Response in Sub-Saharan Africa

Alcoholic Beverage Companies and the HIV Response in Sub-Saharan Africa

This case study presents the responses developed by the alcoholic beverage companies Heineken and SABMiller to address HIV within their African business communities.

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  • AIDSFree

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2016

Evaluating Service Delivery Models for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV

Evaluating Service Delivery Models for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV

Since the late 1990s, by providing services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, many countries have made significant progress toward eliminating new HIV infections in children. The introduction and rollout of Option B+ was a contributing factor in these achievements and an important step toward achieving an AIDS-free generation. Nonetheless, access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) and retention in care remain challenges. Given the low levels of PMTCT service coverage, many governments and development organizations are reaching out to nontraditional partners, including the private for-profit sector, community-based organizations (CBOs), and civil society organizations (CSOs), to scale up and expand access to PMTCT services.

This literature review compares PMTCT programs implemented by CSOs with those implemented by public sector providers and the private, commercial sector, in order to determine the relative cost-effectiveness of each facility ownership model.

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  • AIDSFree

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2016

Tanzania PrePex™ Acceptability and Safety Study (TZ-Pass)

Tanzania PrePex™ Acceptability and Safety Study (TZ-Pass) cover

Multiple studies have shown that VMMC can prevent heterosexual HIV infection in uninfected men by up to 60 percent, and, as a result, WHO and UNAIDS recommend the promotion of male circumcision as part of a comprehensive HIV treatment package. Given the limited financial and human resources available to reach recommended VMMC targets in Tanzania, use of devices such as PrePex™, which accomplish VMMC nonsurgically and can be performed by mid-level health care providers in a nonsterile setting, may make it easier to reach recommended national targets.
This report presents findings from the Tanzania PrePex™ Acceptability and Safety Study (TZ-PASS), which was a pilot study to determine the benefits, acceptability, and risks of the PrePex™ device for nonsurgical circumcision in routine clinical settings in three regions in Tanzania. The study examined clinical outcomes, healing time, and client and partner views on the experience of circumcision with this device.

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  • AIDSFree

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2016

A Public-Private Partnership Framework for a Common Health Care Waste Treatment Facility of Addis Ababa City

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To control and reduce nosocomial infections inside hospitals, health centers, clinics, and health posts and to ensure that the environment outside is well protected, health care waste (HCW) must be safely managed. Health care waste management (HCWM) should be part of the overall management system of a health care facility (HF) and reflect the quality of the services it provides.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2014

Ethiopia: Needs Assessment for Implementation of a Public-Private Partnership in Health Care Waste Management in Addis Ababa City

Cover image of Needs Assessment

Health care waste management (HCWM), an issue of global concern, is a special concern for the Government of Ethiopia. With the national prevalence of HIV, malaria, and other infectious diseases, generation of health care waste (HCW) has increased. This increase, together with current poor management of HCW, puts health care workers, patients, waste handlers, scavengers, the environment, and the general public at risk.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2014

Improving the Lives of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Through WASH: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene—Participant Guide

Cover of Improving the Lives of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Through WASH: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene—Participant Guide

This Participant Guide (PG) is yours to keep. You may write notes wherever you like. The PG includes key technical resources and references for further reading that will be used in almost all of the sessions in the course. Additionally, you can place relevant handouts, including job aids, in the appropriate PG sessions. The PG provides detailed technical information you need to know, including suggested readings for each day of the course as well as useful reference work that you can include when you return to your clinic or hospital.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

Improving the Lives of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Through WASH: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene—Trainer Guide

Cover of Improving the Lives of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Through WASH: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene—Trainer Guide

This Trainer Guide is yours to keep. Use it each time you present the course. Please write your name on the cover. This Trainer Guide is a companion piece to the Participant Guide that you will give to the participants you train. The goal of the Trainer Guide is to make the training easier for you.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Pilot Curriculum Assessment, Kenya

Cover of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Pilot Curriculum Assessment, Kenya

In February 2011, AIDSTAR-One, with support from the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MOPHS) piloted a training curriculum in Kenya that aims to address water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) at health facilities to improve the quality of life of people living with HIV and their families. To determine the impact of the training and to provide guidance on how to improve WASH knowledge and practices at the facility level, AIDSTAR-One, with support and leadership from the MOPHS, conducted a mixed-methods assessment in February 2012 examining the evidence in seven MOPHS health facilities in Kenya one year after AIDSTAR-One’s WASH training. Collecting both qualitative and quantitative data, the assessment examined existing WASH approaches at the seven clinic sites focusing on overall integration into the health clinic operations while also collecting baseline data for integration into the technical area of nutrition assessment, counseling, and support services to examine if integration into a technical area produces more sustainable WASH results.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Pilot Curriculum Assessment, Ethiopia

Cover of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Pilot Curriculum Assessment, Ethiopia

In April 2011, AIDSTAR-One with support from the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) piloted a training curriculum in Ethiopia that aims to address water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) at health facilities to improve the quality of life of PLHIV and their families. The FMOH was integral to the development of the curriculum and multiple reviewers provided comments before the curriculum was finalized. During implementation of the pilot training, AIDSTAR-One engaged the Regional Health Bureau of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region in the selection of health facilities and the provision of the training to health care providers and administrators.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

Pilot Co-trimoxazole Tools Assessment, Gulu, Uganda

Cover of Pilot Co-trimoxazole Tools Assessment, Gulu, Uganda

Co-trimoxazole is a well-tolerated, inexpensive, and cost-effective antimicrobial that has been shown to reduce the risk of pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, and other opportunistic infections among people living with HIV (PLHIV). However, limited awareness of the benefits of co-trimoxazole use among health care providers and service recipients continues to be a key barrier to its use (Anand et al. 2010). AIDSTAR-One developed provider and patient educational tools to increase appropriate prescription and use of co-trimoxazole for PLHIV eligible for its use and piloted these tools in Northern Uganda between May and August 2012. AIDSTAR-One conducted a mixed-methods assessment pre- and post-pilot to analyze the effectiveness and acceptability of the co-trimoxazole tools.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2010

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