Infection Prevention & Control

Infection Prevention & Control

A Public-Private Partnership Framework for a Common Health Care Waste Treatment Facility of Addis Ababa City

Cover image of framework

To control and reduce nosocomial infections inside hospitals, health centers, clinics, and health posts and to ensure that the environment outside is well protected, health care waste (HCW) must be safely managed. Health care waste management (HCWM) should be part of the overall management system of a health care facility (HF) and reflect the quality of the services it provides.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2014

Ethiopia: Needs Assessment for Implementation of a Public-Private Partnership in Health Care Waste Management in Addis Ababa City

Cover image of Needs Assessment

Health care waste management (HCWM), an issue of global concern, is a special concern for the Government of Ethiopia. With the national prevalence of HIV, malaria, and other infectious diseases, generation of health care waste (HCW) has increased. This increase, together with current poor management of HCW, puts health care workers, patients, waste handlers, scavengers, the environment, and the general public at risk.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2014

Improving the Lives of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Through WASH: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene—Participant Guide

Cover of Improving the Lives of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Through WASH: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene—Participant Guide

This Participant Guide (PG) is yours to keep. You may write notes wherever you like. The PG includes key technical resources and references for further reading that will be used in almost all of the sessions in the course. Additionally, you can place relevant handouts, including job aids, in the appropriate PG sessions. The PG provides detailed technical information you need to know, including suggested readings for each day of the course as well as useful reference work that you can include when you return to your clinic or hospital.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

Improving the Lives of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Through WASH: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene—Trainer Guide

Cover of Improving the Lives of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Through WASH: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene—Trainer Guide

This Trainer Guide is yours to keep. Use it each time you present the course. Please write your name on the cover. This Trainer Guide is a companion piece to the Participant Guide that you will give to the participants you train. The goal of the Trainer Guide is to make the training easier for you.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Pilot Curriculum Assessment, Kenya

Cover of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Pilot Curriculum Assessment, Kenya

In February 2011, AIDSTAR-One, with support from the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MOPHS) piloted a training curriculum in Kenya that aims to address water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) at health facilities to improve the quality of life of people living with HIV and their families. To determine the impact of the training and to provide guidance on how to improve WASH knowledge and practices at the facility level, AIDSTAR-One, with support and leadership from the MOPHS, conducted a mixed-methods assessment in February 2012 examining the evidence in seven MOPHS health facilities in Kenya one year after AIDSTAR-One’s WASH training. Collecting both qualitative and quantitative data, the assessment examined existing WASH approaches at the seven clinic sites focusing on overall integration into the health clinic operations while also collecting baseline data for integration into the technical area of nutrition assessment, counseling, and support services to examine if integration into a technical area produces more sustainable WASH results.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Pilot Curriculum Assessment, Ethiopia

Cover of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Pilot Curriculum Assessment, Ethiopia

In April 2011, AIDSTAR-One with support from the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) piloted a training curriculum in Ethiopia that aims to address water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) at health facilities to improve the quality of life of PLHIV and their families. The FMOH was integral to the development of the curriculum and multiple reviewers provided comments before the curriculum was finalized. During implementation of the pilot training, AIDSTAR-One engaged the Regional Health Bureau of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region in the selection of health facilities and the provision of the training to health care providers and administrators.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2012

Pilot Co-trimoxazole Tools Assessment, Gulu, Uganda

Cover of Pilot Co-trimoxazole Tools Assessment, Gulu, Uganda

Co-trimoxazole is a well-tolerated, inexpensive, and cost-effective antimicrobial that has been shown to reduce the risk of pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, and other opportunistic infections among people living with HIV (PLHIV). However, limited awareness of the benefits of co-trimoxazole use among health care providers and service recipients continues to be a key barrier to its use (Anand et al. 2010). AIDSTAR-One developed provider and patient educational tools to increase appropriate prescription and use of co-trimoxazole for PLHIV eligible for its use and piloted these tools in Northern Uganda between May and August 2012. AIDSTAR-One conducted a mixed-methods assessment pre- and post-pilot to analyze the effectiveness and acceptability of the co-trimoxazole tools.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2010

Co-Trimoxazole Management and Availability: Logistics and Supply Chain Experience in 15 PEPFAR Countries

Cover of Co-Trimoxazole Management and Availability

Co-trimoxazole is a simple, well-tolerated, inexpensive antibiotic. When taken regularly as prophylaxis, co-trimoxazole reduces mortality and specifically reduces the risk of pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, and other opportunistic infections (OIs) in adults and children living with HIV. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends co-trimoxazole is included as an integral component of the HIV chronic care package as it is key to pre-antiretroviral therapy (ART) care (WHO 2006). It is listed on WHO’s Model List of Essential Medicines in the “Other antibacterials” category (WHO 2010). Co-trimoxazole is also used in primary health care (PHC) to treat infections of the eyes, ears, skin, and genitourinary and respiratory tracts, among other infections (WHO 2008), thus rendering it a high-priority public health product.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2010

Adult Living with HIV: Septrin Brochure

Cover of Septrin brochure

Co-trimoxazole (also known as Septrin) is a well-tolerated, inexpensive, and cost-effective antimicrobial that reduces the risk of pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, and other infections among people living with HIV. Although considered a standard of HIV care in higher-income countries, access to Co-trimoxazole is inconsistent in lower-income countries. Limited awareness of the benefits of Co-trimoxazole use among health care providers and service recipients is a key barrier to its access and use.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2010

Septrin Job Aid

Cover of Septrin Job Aid

Co-trimoxazole (also known as Septrin) is a well-tolerated, inexpensive, and cost-effective antimicrobial that reduces the risk of pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, and other infections among people living with HIV. Although considered a standard of HIV care in higher-income countries, access to Co-trimoxazole is inconsistent in lower-income countries. Limited awareness of the benefits of Co-trimoxazole use among health care providers and service recipients is a key barrier to its access and use.

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  • AIDSTAR-One

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2010

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